Europe

Retten die Chinesen den Schweizer Tourismus? Ihr wachsender Mittelstand sorgt derzeit für die bei weitem grössten Zuwachsraten aller Herkunftsländer.

Martin Jacques, in China hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten das grösste Wirtschaftswunder in der Geschichte der Menschheit stattgefunden – und wir im Westen nehmen es immer noch kaum zur Kenntnis. Weshalb?
Wir im Westen spüren, dass sich im Osten etwas Gewaltiges verändert. Aber wir haben grosse Mühe, es einzuordnen und zu verstehen. Vorherrschend ist eine zwiespältige Reaktion: Einerseits gibt es die weitverbreitete Überzeugung, dass der Westen am Ende ist. Andererseits gibt es nach wie vor die westliche Arroganz, dass sich alles um uns dreht. Schliesslich haben wir den Rest der Welt herumgeschubst, solange wir uns erinnern können.

Read more >

When China Rules the World: Martin Jacques explains to Heather Farmbrough why it is very much a case of when rather than if

As a Fellow at the LSE and visiting Professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing and a former deputy editor of Marxism Today and The Independent, Martin Jacques’ career has hardly been short of achievements. Yet it is hard to read his best-selling bookWhen China Rules the World and escape the feeling that this is the work of a lifetime.

Penguin has just launched a second edition, a monumental work at 636 pages with a new afterword and substantial revisions because so much has changed since the first edition, particularly since the global financial crisis.

Read more >

Starptautiskā bestsellera Kad Ķīna valdīs pār pasauli autors Mārtins Žaks sarunā ar Sestdienu stāsta, ko varam gaidīt no Āzijas lielvaras

Gadsimtiem ilgi bijām pieraduši, ka pasaules kartē Eiropa ir pašā centrā, bet lielā Ķīna iekārtojusies nomalē. Taču tuvāko gadu desmitu laikā šī kārtība varētu mainīties, jo Ķīna arvien aktīvāk piesakās uz XXI gadsimta pasaules centra lomu. Tas varētu sagādāt grūtus brīžus amerikāņiem, kas joprojām lepojas ar pasaules ietekmīgākās valsts statusu. Nav šaubu, ka smaguma centra pārbīde ietekmēs arī citas valstis: tagad Latvijas politiķi piestaigā uz konsultācijām ASV vēstniecībā, taču nākotnē, iespējams, nāksies iestaigāt taciņu uz Ķīnas vēstniecību.

Viens no jaunās pasaules kārtības vēstnešiem ir britu žurnālists Mārtins Žaks, kurš padziļināti pētījis Āzijas izaugsmi. Žaka grāmata Kad Ķīna valdīs pār pasauli kļuvusi par starptautisku bestselleru; uz to atsaucas daudzi Ķīnas pētnieki, jo Žaka darbs tiek uzskatīts par vienu no labākajiem šajā žanrā. Tagad šī grāmata ar Lattelecom atbalstu izdota arī latviešu valodā. Mārtins Žaks nesen bija ieradies Rīgā, un Sestdiena tikās ar viņu, lai noskaidrotu, kāda īsti būs Ķīnas pārvaldītā pasaule.

Read more >

Chinas Selbstbewusstsein und unsere Irrtümer über die Supermacht: Ein Gespräch mit dem britischen Autor Martin Jacques, der “When China Rules the World” schrieb

Martin Jacques, 65, ist Autor des Buches „When China Rules the World“, das 2009 erschienen ist. Es ist bislang nicht ins Deutsche übersetzt worden. Jacques argumentiert darin, dass der Aufstieg Chinas eine völlig neue Weltordnung mit eigenen Regeln hervorbringen wird. Der britische Journalist und frühere Herausgeber der Zeitschrift „Marxism today“ lehrt an der London School of Economics sowie an Universitäten in China, Japan und Singapur.

Read more >

De Tijd - 06/03/10 (Part 1 - Part 2)

Een voorsmaakje van hoe de wereld er tegen het midden van deze eeuw zal uitzien? China staat aan het roer.Europa en de VS zijn gedegradeerd tot een tweederangsrol. Bejing wordt het nieuwe referentiepunt. Mandarijns de lingua franca. ‘CHINAZALDEREGELS BEPALEN, en het zal op zijn manier zijn.We kunnen er maar beter aan wennen.’ Gesprekmet MARTIN JACQUES, de Britse Chinakenner van de London School of Economics die een boek schreefwaar we het op zijn zachtst gezegdwat benauwd van krijgen.

Als Alice in Wonderland. Zo voelde ik mij tijdens het lezen van Martin Jacques’ wervelende opus over China. Nochtans verschenen de jongste jaren ontelbare werken over de razendsnelle opmars van het Rijk van het Midden. Maar die gaan meestal niet verder dan een beschrijving van het economische wonder dat zich in Oost-Azië voltrekt. Jacques gaat veel verder dan dat. In eenwaterval van data, cijfers, statistieken en analyses legt hij haarfijn bloot hoe de opkomst van China niet zomaar verbannen kan worden tot de handboeken economie. China zal de wereld veranderen.Opallemogelijkemanieren. En voorgoed. ‘When China Rules the World. The Rise of the Middle Kingdom and the End of the WesternWorld’ is eenwake-up call. Bang. Je hele wereldbeeld aan duigen. Provocerend, intrigerend en misschien nogal chargerend af en toe. Martin Jacques moet lachen als ik het hem vertel. In zijn zonnige appartement in het noorden van Londen ademt alles China. Foto’s, kunst, boeken, parafarnelia en zelfs meubels zijn uit het verre continent aangesleept. Jacques is niet zomaar een auteur die op basis van theoretische studies een fijne analyse maakt. Hij kent het land door en door.Het is op een hoogst dramatische maniermet zijn leven verweven.

Read more >

Ovo stoljeće je stoljeće Kine. Vrijeme Zapada ‐ dva stoljeće njegova uspona i snage ‐ okončano je. Do polovice 21. stoljeća, kada će Zapad ostvarivati manje od polovice svjetskog bruto nacionalnog proizvoda, nastupit će preokret i novi, drukčiji ustroj svijet s Kinom kao glavnom supersilom.

To je osnovna teza kapitalne knjige britanskog učenjaka, profesora na britanskim i kineskim sveučilištima, kolumnista londonskog Timesa i Independenta i osnivača organizacije Demos, dr. Martina Jacquesa “Kad Kina zagospodari svijetom: Kraj Zapadnog svijeta i rađanje novog svjetskog poretka”. Ova opsežna studija u izdanju The Penguin Pressa, izuzetna po analitičnosti i potkrijepljenosti, novom tezom o krahu Zapada izaziva podijeljene reakcije.

Read more >

Non sono attrezzati ad accettare la loro diversità. Ma Pechino offre una vera egemonia fuori dall’Occidente
“Opporsi alla Cina è inutile è già pronta a guidare il mondo” Martin Jacques

NEW YORK – “When China rules the world”, quando la Cina governerà il mondo. Un titolo che è un pugno nello stomaco. O un incubo. Sarà per questo che il saggio di Martin Jacques, uscito in Inghilterra e negli Stati Uniti, è stato tradotto in Cina, Taiwan, Giappone, Indonesia, ma in nessun paese dell’Europa continentale? E’ troppo duro per noi confrontarci con le tesi di Jacques? “L’Europa – sorride lo studioso britannico – ha abbandonato lo sforzo di elaborare un’idea del futuro. Ai cinesi sa esprimere solo una serie di lamentele che si possono riassumere in una sola: perché non siete come noi?”

Read more >

When Martin Jacques fell in love with a Malaysian woman, his western-centric view of the world was overturned. Nine years after her death, he has written an extraordinary book on China

The first thing you see – bump into actually – when you enter Martin Jacques’s light, roomy top-floor flat next to Hampstead Heath, north London, is a table football game. Then you trip over two violins, a sitar and a collection of other musical instruments, and find yourself staring at three teeth on a coffee-table. The owner of all these objects, Jacques’s 10-year-old son Ravi, is at school, but his presence is everywhere – in the trophies he has won for music, in his numerous books and toys, and in photographs: of him as a baby, and with his late mother, Harinder, who died when Ravi was 16 months old. An interview with Jacques is inevitably a threnody for his beloved Hari and a celebration of their son.

We are here to talk about Jacques’s meaty new book on the rise of China and how that country’s dominance will transform the world, but Hari’s tragic death in 2000 – Jacques fights back tears when he talks about her – and the years of blackness he suffered after she died initially overwhelm our conversation. What is the fate of countries beside the torments of the soul?

Jacques met Hari on the Malaysian island of Tioman in 1993. He was 47, a former history lecturer who in the 1980s had transformed Marxism Today from a dry-as-dust academic journal into a racy political must-read. Life to that point had been work and communism: a string of degrees, an unsuccessful battle to reform the Communist party, and a brilliant refashioning of the magazine – a consolation prize for not being able to wrest real power from the hardliners in the party. Hari was 26, a Malaysian of Indian descent, a lawyer from a radical family, a comet flashing across Jacques’s well-ordered universe.

“I fell in love within a few minutes of talking to her,” Jacques recalls. “There was something utterly compelling about Hari. When I met her, I knew I had met the person that my life was really about.”

For most people, though, that might have been the end of it. Jacques was there with his partner of 18 years; there was the age gap, the culture gap, the fact that they lived on different sides of the world. But he was determined not to let this sudden illumination dim. He broke up with his partner, made repeated trips to see Hari, and tailored his work to his new fascination with Asia: he had closed Marxism Today in 1991, feeling its energy had been exhausted, and was making documentaries and writing columns for the Sunday Times. “The greatest thing I ever did,” he says, “was to allow myself to fall in love with Hari and pursue it.”

By September 1994 she was living and working in London; they married early in 1996. Jacques – after an unhappy two-year stint as deputy editor of the Independent – signed a contract with Penguin to write a book about the growing power of Asia’s tiger economies; the couple moved to Hong Kong, the perfect base for Jacques’s peripatetic research; Hari got pregnant and in 1998 Ravi was born. Because of her Indian descent and dark skin, Hari experienced racism from the Chinese population in Hong Kong, but nevertheless the couple were blissfully happy.

Then, at new year in 2000, came what Jacques refers to as the “catastrophe”. Hari had an epileptic seizure and was taken to hospital for what should have been routine treatment. But as a result of what he believes was a mixture of racism and incompetence – perhaps incompetence born of racism – Hari died. She was 33.

As Jacques talks about it now, tears are never far away. “I’m a very resilient person, I never get stuck in one thing, I’m good at shifting from having lots of money to having not much money and back again – but the one thing I couldn’t cope with, ever, was losing Hari,” he says. “I’ve learned to live without Hari – I used to cry every day, then you cry less, then you cry just occasionally – but it’s just beneath the surface. You never recover from it, but you do learn to cope with it.”

The months after her death were desperate. “It was really a battle for my own survival: could I find a reason to live without Hari? I couldn’t imagine living a day – I just couldn’t conceive of it – and they were very dark days, terrible days.” The book was abandoned, and instead he wrote a 100,000-word love letter to Hari, part of which appeared in the Guardian’s Weekend magazine in November 2002. The rest has never been published – it is too painful, too personal – but Jacques does not rule out revisiting it one day and perhaps revising it for publication.

Initially, so deep was his depression that he lost all appetite for work. His focus was on bringing up Ravi, suing the hospital for negligence, which it denies (the case is due to come to court next year), and campaigning against racism in Hong Kong – a battle that bore fruit in July last year when an anti-racism law was introduced. But gradually the desire to work returned: he was invited to become a visiting fellow at the London School of Economics’s Asia Research Centre, resumed writing newspaper columns and once more picked up the book. “Deep down I’d never let go of it,” he says. “I had no timetable, but I’d never let go.”

Now, though, it was a book not about the Asian tigers but about the rise of China, the great transformative story of our age. “We have entered a new era, which I define as the era of contested modernity,” says Jacques. “We are seeing the rise of a whole series of new countries – developing countries, which are in the process of modernisation – and their modernities will not simply be reducible to western modernity. It is western hubris that there is only one modernity.

“China is the centrepiece of this. Hitherto, the Chinese story has been overwhelmingly presented in the west as an economic story. This is a mistake because the rise of China will have cultural and other consequences, the ramifications of which will be at least as important as the economic. But no one talks about them because people in the west still believe China will end up in some way like us – it’ll be democratic like us, it’ll have rule of law like us, it will become a western-style society. This is profoundly wrong. China is fundamentally different in its historical evolution and culture, and we need to understand China as a very different phenomenon from western society.”

Jacques sets out to explain the differences and to prepare us for a century in which China will be king: its economy is predicted to overtake America’s in 2027, and by 2050 its GDP will be twice as large as that of the US. India will also have overtaken the US, and the UK will be lucky to be hanging on to its place in the economic top 10.

“We’re moving into a new world,” he says. “For the last 200 years it’s been completely familiar to us, because it’s a western-made world. Now we’re moving into an era where the world will become increasingly unfamiliar and disorientating to us. We will be obliged to try and understand the logic and character of a culture that is entirely unfamiliar, and no effort has been made in this direction so far.”

He believes the rise of China, India and other developing countries such as Brazil, Mexico and Indonesia, and the end of the west’s stranglehold both on power and on definitions of modernity, will ultimately be beneficial. But there may be problems along the way, as the US and the traditional European power-brokers have to give way.

“It’s a very traumatic experience,” he warns. “These are declining imperial powers. But we’re blessed to have Obama: there’s a humility about America’s power under him, and because he’s black it introduces an entirely different sensibility. But this is a long process, and Obama will only last for four years or eight years. What happens next? We had Bush not long ago, and Bush was the absolute opposite: he believed we were on the verge of a new American century, and he pursued that as an objective.”

Meeting Hari in 1993, falling in love, seeing the world through her eyes, witnessing racism, changed Jacques fundamentally. He now recognises Marxism Today’s western-centricity as its greatest weakness, and his eyes are turned firmly to the east. The west is yesterday’s story. Hari, of course, is the presiding spirit of the book, and naturally the dedicatee:

“My infinite love for you is not dimmed by the passing of time. I miss you more than words can ever say.”

Rarely can love have inspired an academic thesis, yet here the two are intimately connected. Jacques fell in love with a world, as well as a woman.

– Stephen Moss

ÀúÊ·µÄÁíÒ»ÃæÕ¹¿ª

Updated and expanded new Chinese edition just released.

cin-hukmettiginde-dunyayi-neler-bekliyor-kitabi-martin-jacques-Front-1

Turkish edition just published!

When China Rules the World is the first book to fully conceive of and explain the upheaval that China’s ascendance will cause and the realigned global power structure it will create.

New edition available now from:

Amazon UK
and all good booksellers.

US second edition is available now via: 

Amazon US